tutorials computing

Find top 404 Error pages (Apache)

A quick one-liner to find the most common pages giving 404 errors on your apache2 setup. Set this up as a shell alias to get easy access at any time.

This one liner breaks down as follows:

  1. cut splits the input (the logfile) by -d delimiter and returning only the fields given by `-f``

  2. Output is piped into awk which searches for lines where field 4 = 404, returning these as a line containing 404 URL

  3. These are then sorted (so duplicates can be counted) with sort

  4. uniq -c counts the duplicates chucks them away and appends a number to the beginning of each row that is left

  5. The resulting output is then sorted numerically -g and -r reverse (highest first - remove this to get the top ones at the bottom of the list)


From the Linux command line enter:

cut -d'"' -f2,3 /var/log/apache/access.log | awk '$4=404{print $4" "$2}' | sort | uniq -c | sort -rg

Substitute the path /var/log/apache/access.log for the path to your own apache setup. On web hosts this may be under `~/logs/apache' or elsewhere.

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